"After the creation of the Peace Corps in 1961, communist newspapers and other propaganda outlets in Asia, Africa, and, South American were quick to denounce the U.S. humanitarian program as a trick to stop the spread of revolution in underdeveloped countries. At the time, the Kennedy Administration was considering a proposal to use U.S. army personnel to help carry out civic programs such as road-building and bridge-building. Kennedy's brother-in-law and Peace Corps director, Robert Sargent Shriver, urged the President to oppose the proposal, and enclosed this transcript of a Chinese broadcast attacking the Peace Corps."
"Before launching the Peace Corps by executive order on March 1, 1961, President Kennedy already had received over 25,000 letters from American volunteers. Their offers came in response to a campaign speech Kennedy delivered on the campus of the University of Michigan on October 14, 1960 in which he challenged young people to serve abroad in developing countries."