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Researcher Profiles, Identifiers, and Social Networks: Google Scholar

Tips on how to promote your research and profile as a researcher.

What is a Google Scholar Profile?


Google Scholar Logo

A Google Scholar Profile allows scholars to:

  • Curate a list of their publications found in Google Scholar.
  • See who is citing one's own publications and follow research themes
  • Decide whether or not to share one's profile publicly 
  • Authorize Google to update article lists automatically or choose to update manually
  • Have one's profile included in Google Scholar search results
  • Monitor and make corrections to the list of one's own publications
  • Promote oneself professionally at no cost
  • Keep track of citation metrics using popular indices and easy-to-read graphs

Good to know about Google Scholar:

  • Interdisciplinary, widely used, easy to maintain
  • Google doesn't have access to everything. Citations are found via automated web-crawling.
  • Many databases do not allow Google to index their content


Creating Your Google Scholar Profile

Go to Google Scholar Profiles

Creating a Google Scholar profile can showcase your papers and the citations that they've received. Public profiles will appear in Google Scholar when someone searches for your name, increasing the discoverability of your body of work.

Step 1 - Create a Google account

Using your CNU Google account is possible, but you will be warned that it is "managed by If you lose access to it, you will also lose access to your Scholar profile. To keep your profile forever, sign in to your personal Gmail account."

If you do not yet have a personal Google account, you can create one here: This will give you a Gmail address which you can use or ignore forever if you wish. 

2. Enter your Profile Information

Follow the instructions to create your profile adding your name, institution affiliation, research areas, additional email address (optional; not made public but as a backup email) and the link to your Christopher Newport University profile page.

Google Scholar Profile creation screenshot

3. Add Articles 

Google Scholar will then search for articles that it thinks are by you (in groups and individual articles) and ask whether you want them added to your profile. Some of them will be yours, others may be by academics with the same or similar names. 

Google Profile Article Selection screenshot

Once logged in, you can also search for articles, then click to add to your profile, or add them manually.

Screenshot of adding articles to Google Scholar

4. Select your Settings

You can give Google permission to automatically update the list of articles in your profile, or choose to receive suggestions via email for review before adding to your profile. NOTE: We recommend "Email me updates for review" to ensure that correct items are added to your profile. 

You may also choose to make your profile visible by selecting "Make my profile public".  If you check that box, you can choose to receive emails alerting you to new research similar to yours and/or articles that have cited yours.

Google Scholar Profile Article Updates Screenshot

4. Maintain your Profile

When your profile is complete, you can browse some of your citations and see how people are using your work and check out your h-index.

Screenshot of complete profile example


CNU Google Scholar Profiles

View Google Scholar Profiles from CNU colleagues who made their profiles public:

Or Search Google Scholar Profiles for researchers worldwide.

Google Scholar Citations

Google Scholar Profiles display various Citation metrics.  To understand how they get them and what they mean, Google has provided citations information.  Some additional considerations are discussed below.

You may find that the number of citations to your work in Google Scholar is higher than in other databases such as Scopus, ProQuest, or others. 

In contrast to other databases, Google Scholar does not provide a list of the sources that it is searching to find citations to your work. There have been concerns about the quality of the citations that are counted as they may not originate from peer-reviewed literature. Google Scholar will count citations from online slide sets, reports, undergraduate essays, and other sources. Google Scholar may also not pick up citations from older content as it may not be available in a digital format. 

Citations to some sources, for example, books, may be much better in Google Scholar because they are not covered in the other subscription bibliographic databases. The inclusion of citations to books can be very useful for researchers in which non-journal article outputs are more common.

No database is likely to be able to cover all outputs in all subjects. Bear this in mind when using citation data from different sources.

Trible Library provides links to other websites to aid in research and is not responsible for the content or privacy policy of those sites.