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Composers You Should Know: 20th Century

Notable Twentieth-Century Composers (1900 - 1975)

If you wish to be generally familiar with classical music, here is a short list of composers you should know from this period.

Name

Birth

Death

Nationality

Music Online (Alexander Street Press) & Naxos

Media

Barber, Samuel

Books

1910

1981

American

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Bartók, Béla

Books

1881

1945

Hungarian

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Bernstein, Leonard

Books

1918

1990

American

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Cage, John

Books

1912

1992

American

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Copland, Aaron

Books

1900

1990

American

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Debussy, Claude

Books

1862

1918

French

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Gershwin, George

Books

1898

1937

American

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Grainger, Percy

Books

1882

1961

Australian-American

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Hindemith, Paul

Books

1895

1963

German

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Holst, Gustav

Books

1874

1934

English

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Ives, Charles

Books

1874

1954

American

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Messiaen, Olivier

Books

1908

1992

French

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Orff, Carl

Books

1895

1982

German

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Prokofiev, Sergei (Sergey)

Books

1891

1953

Russian

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Schoenberg, Arnold

Books

1874

1951

Austrian-American

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Strauss, Richard

Books

1864

1949

German

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Stravinsky, Igor

Books

1882

1971

Russian

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Varèse, Edgard

Books

1883

1965

French-American

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Twentieth-Century Composers (1900 - 1975) A-L

If you are a student of Music History or Composition, here are additional composers you should know from this period.

Name

Birth

Death

Nationality

Music Online (Alexander Street Press) & Naxos

Media

Antheil, George

Books

1900

1959

American

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Babbitt, Milton

Books

1916

2011 

American

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Berg, Alban

Books

1885

1935

Austrian

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Boulez, Pierre

Books

1925

 

French

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Britten, Benjamin

Books

1913

1976

English

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Carter, Elliott

Books

1908

 2012

American

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Childs, Barney

Books

1926

2000

American

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos
 
 

Cowell, Henry

Books

1897

1965

American

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Ellington, Duke

Books

1899

1974

American

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Feldman, Morton

Books

1926

1987

American

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos
CDs/DVDs
Scores

Foss, Lukas

Books

1922

2009

German-American

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos
Scores

Ginastera, Alberto

Books

1916

1983

Argentine

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Gould, Morton

1913

1996

American

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Hanson, Howard

Books

1896

1981

American

 

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Henze, Hans Werner

1926

2012

German

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs
 

Honegger, Arthur

Books

1892

1955

Swiss / French

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Hovhaness, Alan

1911

2000

Armenian-American

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Husa, Karel

Books

1921

 

Czech-American

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Janáček, Leoš

Books

1854

1928

Czech

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Lehár, Franz

1870

1948

Austro-Hungarian

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Luening, Otto

Books

1900

1996

German-American

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos
Scores

Lutoslawski, Witold

Books

1913

1994

Polish

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Twentieth-Century Composers (1900 - 1975) M-Z

If you are a student of Music History or Composition, here are additional composers you should know from this period.

Name

Birth

Death

Nationality

Music Online (Alexander Street Press) & Naxos

Media

Mayuzumi, Toshiro

1929

1997

Japanese

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

Scores

Menotti, Gian Carlo

Books

1911

2007

Italian-American

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Milhaud, Darius

Books

1892

1974

French

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Nono, Luigi

Books

1924

1990

Italian

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos
 Scores

Persichetti, Vincent

Books

1915

1987

American

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Pinkham, Daniel

 

1923

2006

American

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

Scores

Poulenc, Francis

Books

1899

1963

French

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Rachmaninoff (Racmaninov, Rachmaninov), Sergei (Serge; Sergey)

Books

1873

1943

Russian

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Respighi, Ottorino

Books

1879

1936

Italian

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Rochberg, George

Books

1918

2005

American

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Schuman, William

Books

1910

1992

American

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Scriabin (Skryabin), Alexander (Aleksandr)

Books

1872

1915

Russian

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos
Scores

Seeger, Ruth Crawford

Books

1901

1953

American

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos
Scores

Sessions, Roger

Books

1896

1985

American

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Shostakovich, Dmitri (Dmitry)

Books

1906

1975

Russian

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Takemitsu, Tōru

Books

1930

1996

Japanese

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Tippett, Michael

Books

1905

1998

English

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Ussachevsky, Vladimir

1911

1990

Russian-American

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos
CDs/DVDs
 

Villa-Lobos, Heitor

Books

1887

1959

Brazilian

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos

CDs/DVDs

Scores

Webern, Anton

Books

1883

1945

Austrian

Music Online (ASP)

Naxos
CDs/DVDs
Scores
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